Dictionary of Greyhound Racing Terminology


A race meeting which has been cancelled because a club did not receive sufficient nominations to be able to stage it, or because of inclement weather that made racing on the track unsafe. An ongoing meeting may also be abandoned because of inclement weather. All bets placed on abandoned races are fully refunded.


A runner officially listed to start in a race.

Across the Board

You make three individual bets on one dog to Win, Place, and Show. If your selection wins, you collect on all three bets. If your selection runs second, you collect on Place and Show bets. If your selection runs third, you collect the Show bet. Your total wager will be three times the individual bet.

Advance Wagering

Wagers that are accepted on a race on a future performance.


American Greyhound Council, Inc., a non-profit group jointly supported by American Greyhound Track Operators Association members and National Greyhound Association members, the purpose of which is to provide for the betterment of the welfare of racing greyhounds and the greyhound industry.


American Greyhound Track Operators Association, a non-profit corporation comprised of the owners and operators of greyhound race tracks.

All Clear

Signified by a siren at the end of a race, the all clear means that the stewards deem the finishing order of horses is correct and bets may be paid out. It also means that no protest or objection has been made by the connections of any horse in the race.

All the Way Win

To lead from start to finish in a race.

All-America Team

The eight top racing greyhounds selected each year by American Greyhound Track Operators Association.

Ante Post

(Also, Futures) Bets placed in advance predicting the outcome of a future event. Ante-post prices are those on major sporting events, usually prior to the day of the event itself. In return for the chance of better odds, punters risk the fact that stakes are not returned if their selection pulls out or is cancelled.

Apprentice Jockey

Apprenticed to a trainer, apprentice jockeys have typically won less than 60 races and been in apprenticeship for less than 4 years. The weight carried by a horse is reduced from that stated in the handicap.


An area located next to the racetrack where patrons may watch greyhound racing up close. A fence line separates the apron from the actual racing surface.


Where a variation in odds available allows a punter to back both sides and guarantee a win.


Association of Racing Commissioners International, Inc., based in Lexington, Kentucky.

Back Marker

In a standing start event, which is handicapped, the horse who is given the biggest handicap is known as the backmarker.

Back Straight

The straight length of the track or paceway farthest away from the spectators and the winning post.


The area of the racetrack opposite the finish line. At most tracks, it is the area that crosses in front of the Tote board.


Highly expected to win. The strongest in a multiple selection in a parlay or accumulator. In permutation bets the banker is a selection that must win to guarantee any returns.

Bar Price

Refers to the odds of those runners in a race not quoted with a price during early betting shows. The bar price is the minimum odds for any of those selections not quoted.


The positions in the starting stall that the runners start the race from.

Barrier Draw

The ballot held by the race club to decide which starting stall each runner will occupy.


A contact (friend or acquaintance) who places bets for a bettor who wants to hide their identity from sportbooks or bookmakers.

Bell Lap

In harness racing, the last lap of a race, signified by the ringing of the bell.

Bertillon Card

A greyhound's identification card that lists 56 physical identifying points for every registered racing greyhound. The greyhound's Bertillon number is tattooed in its ear.


Someone who places or has a bet.


See Enclosure.


A covering for a greyhound bearing a number and color corresponding to post position. There are nine officially numbered blankets used in greyhound racing; Mile High uses eight in each race.


A device to prevent a horse from having sideways vision and keep its attention to what's in front of it.


Birmingham Course


A bookmaker's tally of amounts bet on each competitor, and odds necessary to assure him of profit.


Bookmaker. The person or shop accepting bets.


Person or establishment accepting bets on the result of an event based on their provision of odds to the customer.

Boxed in

A horse that is racing on the rails (or fence) and is surrounded by other horses in front, outside and behind it. A horse that is boxed in is held up and unable to gain a clear passage.


The individual who is the owner or lessee of his or her dam at the time of whelping.


Bettor who specializes in large show bets on odd-on favourites.


A bet of US$ 100 (also known as a 'dollar bet').


A bet placed when you believe the make up will be higher than the spread. 'Buy' spread bets are placed at the higher of the two values listed in a spread.

Buy Price

In Spread or Index betting, the higher figure quoted by an Index bookmaker.

Buy the Rack

Purchase every possible daily-double or other combination ticket.


The position of each greyhound at specific points around the track during a race.


Also known as a Super Yankee. A Canadian is a combination bet consisting of 26 bets with 5 selections in different events. The combination bet is made up of 10 doubles, 10 trebles, five 4-folds and one 5-fold.


Another term for fixture or race meeting.

Career Record

A series of five numbers indicating, in order, a greyhound's total number of starts, followed by first place, second place, third place, and fourth place finishes. Often preceded by an abbreviation showing the track at which the starts were recorded. (Form)


The motor that runs around the racetrack with the lure. Also called lure motor.


A record of each race showing finish, calls, odds and comments describing each racer's performance; useful to handicappers studying a greyhound's past performance.


A person who compiles records of each race and writes comments describing each greyhound's performance during a race.


When a horse is interfered with and has to change stride or slow down.


See 'Grade'.


Final odds on a dog (e.g. 'closed at 3 to 1').

Closing Bet

Where you place a second bet of the same stake on the same event and in the opposite direction to the first. This determines your profit or loss and finish your involvement in that event, unless you had other events open.


The special colourful silks worn by jockeys or drivers when in a race.


A male horse aged three or under.

Combination Bet

Combinations cover from two to four greyhounds to win in chosen order.

Commerce Course

See 'Middle Distance'.


An area where the racing association houses racing greyhounds.

Cool-Out Area

An area where racing greyhounds cool down following a race. At most tracks water is provided as well as ample room to walk around.

Correct Weight

Horses are allocated a weight to carry that is checked before and, for at least the placegetters, after a race. Correct weight must be signaled before bets can be paid out.


Designates the distance of a race. The most common distances are 5/16, 3/8 and 7/16 mile courses.

Credit Limit

The maximum losses that are permitted on an account before the balance must be paid.

Crow's Nest

The area where the announcer, judges and others watch the races from a high vantage point.

Daily Double

Similar to an accumulator you select the winners of the first and second races. You must place your bet before the start of the first race.


The mother of a greyhound.

Dead Heat

An exact tie between two or more greyhounds in a race. The greyhound's nose determines the winner in the photo finish.

Declaration of Weights

The publication of weights allocated to each horse nominated for a race by the handicapper.


A classic race for three-year-old horses.

Developed Print

In a photofinish the judge has a photo developed in order to accurately decide the finishing order of horses.


Winnings. Dividends are displayed in the most common bet unit


Two racing performances during one day.


See 'Sell'.


A random process by which each greyhound's starting position is determined.

Dual Forecast

A tote bet operating in races of 3 or more declared runners in which the punter has to pick the first two to finish in either order.

Ear Tattoos

A greyhound's right ear tattoo represents the month, year and tattoo order of your dogs litter. The last number before the letter is his year of birth, the first one or two numbers is his month of birth. The letter represents the order in which the litter was tattooed (It does not mean the order of birth).


Replacement runner in a race when an official acceptor is scratched prior to a particular time before the race.


The area where the Runners gather for viewing before and after the race.

Escape Turn

The first turn of the racetrack after the front stretch.


See 'Perfecta'.

Far Turn

The third turn of the racetrack.


The racetrack's state during normal weather conditions.


The Runner or competitor that has the most dollars bet on it to win and is seen as having the greatest chance of winning.

Feature Races

Top races.


The inside fence is the inside running rail around the race track, while the outside fence is the outside running rail.


All the individual Runners listed by race. If you "take the field" you are backing every Runner in the race.


A female horse aged three or under.

First Up

The first run a horse has in a new campaign or preparation, usually after having a spell.

Fixed Odds

Your dividend is fixed at the odds when you placed your bet.


See meeting.

Flashy Sir

Award Given each year to the nation's top distance (3/8-mile) greyhound by the National Greyhound Association; named for an outstanding distance greyhound of the mid-1940's.

Flashy Sir Award

Given each year to the nation's top distance (3/8-mile) greyhound by the NGA; named for an outstanding distance greyhound of the mid-1940's.

Forced Out

A chartwriter's term describing an instance of a greyhound being crowded to the outside by one or more opponents.

Forecast (Or Straight Forcast)

A bet placed on two greyhounds but they must cross the finish line in exact chosen order. (USA, Perfecta or Exacta).


As found in a form guide, it consists of a listing of each runner's previous performance history. Recent form is included in race books and form guides in an effort to help punters select the horse most likely to win.

Front Stretch

The portion of the racetrack closest to the Apron. The finish line is located here.


A description of distance on a racetrack. 1 furlong = 200 metres.


(Also, Ante Post) Bets placed in advance predicting the outcome of a future event.


Harness horses are divided into two distinct groups, pacers or trotters, depending on their gait when racing. The gait is the manner in that a horse moves its legs when running. The pacer is a horse with a lateral gait, whereas a trotter or square-gaiter has a diagonal gait.


Another term for barrier, or position a horse will start from.

Go High

See 'Buy'.

Go Low

See 'Sell'.


Defines where a greyhound rates in comparison to other greyhounds at the track. Grades range from Grade AA, the top grade, down through Grades A, B, C, and D. Each time a greyhound wins, it advances one grade until reaching AA. Greyhounds are lowered in grade after posting three consecutive finishes fourth or lower.

Grade AAT

A special grade designation indicating a special stake race event or a 'hotbox' event which contains the track's best racers in one race.

Grade TA

The T designates mixed grades in a race (such as A and B greyhounds). The letter after the T (in this case, A) indicates the highest grade of greyhound in the race.

Grading System

Method of assuring greyhounds compete against racers of similar caliber; grades are assigned according to performance, with the top grade being "A".

Greyhound Hall of Fame

A museum and shrine to the greats of the sport. Located in Abilene, Kansas.


The Greyhound Race of Champions, the premier annual event in American greyhound racing, sponsored by the AGTOA.

Group Races

An elite group of races.


This can be a class of race or it can refer to the weight a horse carries.


The official who decides the weights to be carried in handicap events, and the grading of horses and greyhounds.

Home Turn

The final turn a horse must travel around before entering the home straight in the run to the finish line.


Interstate Kennel Club. Name applied to the racing season held at Wembley Park during the winter months, October through February.

In the Money

A first-, second- or third-place finish.

Index Bet

Bet where the make up is determined by allocating points for performance in an event.


Area surrounded by the oval track.


If interference is suspected in a race, the stipendiary stewards (who run the race day) will call an inquiry. All dividends are held until the inquiry is resolved. The outcome may mean a change in the winning positions or payment on the original placings.


Betting on a live event as it progresses. Prices are updated during the event.


Intentional physical contact which obstructs or impedes the running of another greyhound. After being called for interference, a greyhound must run in a non-wagering race before he can compete again.


Interstate Wagering. Wagering which takes place between tracks located across state lines.


Intertrack Wagering. Wagering between tracks located within the same state.


Pick six winners in six races to share in a Jackpot prize. The rules and prizes will vary from race track to race track.


Racing official responsible for determining finish order in a race and other racing matters.

Judges' Stand

An area designated at the racetrack for the judges to perform their duties. May also be designated as the 'Crow's Nest'.


A business that cares for and races greyhounds under contract with one or more race tracks.

Late Scratching

A horse that is scratched from a race after acceptances have been declared.

Lead Out

A handler employed by the track who parades racers in front of the public before a race and places the greyhounds in the starting box and retrieves the dogs when the race is finished.


A handler employed by the track who parades racers in front of the public before a race and places the greyhounds in the starting box.


The margin equal to the length of one greyhound. Used to denote how far ahead or behind a greyhound is during certain points of the race or at the finish.

Lock-Out Kennel

Sometimes referred to as the 'Jinny Pit', this is an area within the 'Paddock' designed to house the racing greyhounds prior to their racing performance. All greyhounds racing that day are placed in the kennel 30 minutes before the first race. Only specific, licensed personnel are allowed in the area to maintain the greyhounds' safety.

Long-Term Market

An event where the final outcome is not known until at least 14 days after its start.


A mechanical device attached to an arm and electrically driven around the racing strip. The lure operator keeps it a uniform distance ahead of the greyhounds. It's the object the greyhounds chase while racing. A lure generally is a stuffed object that resembles either a bone or a rabbit.

Lure Operator

The person responsible for keeping the lure a uniform distance ahead of the greyhounds during a race.


A greyhound that has not won an official race. This is the lowest Grade designation. Once a greyhound wins a Maiden race, it advances to Grade D.

Make Up

The final result of an event or market on which the bet is settled. The difference between this figure and the price at which you placed your bet multiplied by your stake gives your profit or loss.

Marathon Course

The longest course distance at Mile High, measuring 2,407 feet, or about 7/16ths of a mile.


A female horse, aged four and over.


The official distance between placed animals at finish of a race, expressed in lengths. A length is the average length of a horse - 2.4 metres. When the margins are small, the judge uses terms like Neck or Head.

Match Bet

A bet on the relative performance of two participants in an event against each other. The performance of other participants in the event is irrelevant.


A program of racing conducted during the daylight hours.

Maximum Make Up

A limit on the result specified before the event. If the final result exceeds the maximum make up, the latter is used to settle the bet.


A collection of races conducted by a club on the same day or night forms a race meeting.

Middle Distance

Distance classification for the Commerce Course at Mile High. This course measures 2,050 feet or 3/8ths of a mile.

Mile Rate

In harness racing it is the approximate time a horse would have run had the distance been one-mile (1609m).

Mobile Rate

Harness racing starts effected from behind a moving barrier gate.


Minutes To Post. How much time remains before a race begins.

Mutuel Handle

The total sum wagered for a single performance or a full meeting.


A wire, leather or plastic devise, with a white tip, which is fitted over the greyhound's mouth and jaws and used as an aid in a close photo finish and to protect other greyhounds while racing.


National Greyhound Association, made up of greyhound owners, breeders and trainers; recognized as a registry for racing greyhounds in the United States.


The complete list of runners entered by owners and trainers for a race.


The slimmest margin of victory.


Abbreviation used in a greyhound's race chart that describes the greyhound as finishing Out Of Picture.


Chances of winning expressed in dollar terms

On the Bit

A horse that is racing well and keenly.

Open Bet

A bet that has not yet been closed.


A type of gait. When pacing, a horse moves both legs on the same side, forward at the same time. As they go forward, the other legs on the other side go backward.


The area of lockout kennels, scales and the inspection ring. The greyhounds are kept there prior to racing. Before a race, the greyhounds are weighed, identified by a paddock judge, walked and blanketed before entering the track.

Pari Mutuel

See totalisator.


Wagering Taken from the French term meaning "betting between ourselves," wagering in which winnings are taken from the total amount of money. The system insures that you never wager "against the track" but only against other players. The track acts as your agent and collects a percentage as fixed by Rhode Island law. This form of wagering offers better odds of winning. Approximately 80% of all wagered money is returned to the public in the form of winnings. The Rhode Island Department of Business Regulations, Division of Racing & Athletics has adopted a comprehensive set of rules regarding each different type of wagering pool.

Pari-Mutuel Wagering

Taken from the French term meaning "betting between ourselves", wagering in which winnings are taken from the total amount of money. The system insures that you never wager "against the track" but only against other players.


A wagering term describing the first two greyhounds to cross the finish line in exact order.

Photo Finish

A photo device utilized to more accurately determine the winner of a race where the finishers are very close.


When the finish of a race is so close that the judge requires the photo taken by a special camera to make his decision.


A wagering term describing the second greyhound to cross the finish line. A wager for place means you collect if your dog finishes either first or second.


The total money that has been bet on the race on each of the bet types.


A greyhound's box or post position number. A greyhound's number always corresponds to the number of his starting box. The term also is used to recognize the exact time the greyhounds start from the Starting Box.

Post Parade

The lead outs parade the greyhounds in front of the grandstand prior to a race for a blanket and muzzle inspection.

Post Time

The time the first race of a performance begins, or any other race on the program.

Post Weight

The greyhound's official weight reported before the greyhound enters the racetrack.


The meeting will run at a later date.


A printed guide to the day's races, including details such as the specifications and grades of individual races, track records, post positions, past performances, handicappers' selections, results of the previous day's races and entries for the following day or night.


When a jockey/owner/trainer/steward alleges interference by one party against another during a race that may have affected the outcome of a race. If a protest is Upheld by officials, the runner that caused the interference is placed directly after the horse interfered with. If a protest is Dismissed by officials, the original result of the race stands.


An investor or person who places bets on the outcome of a race.

Quinella Double

A wagering term describing the two greyhounds finishing first and second in any order in two designated races.


A wagering term describing the two greyhounds finishing first and second in either order.

Quiniela (Quinella)

A wagering term describing the two greyhounds finishing first and second in either order.

Race Call

The description of a race while it is in process

Race Caller

The person who describes the race at a racecourse.

Racing Commission

A state or county regulatory agency that oversees all aspects of greyhound racing.

Racing Secretary

The track official whose major functions include determining how many races of each grade are to be run over each distance for any given performance and conducting the random draw for post position.


The inside race strip where the mechanical lure runs around the track.

Restricted Races

Races which only certain horses are eligible.


The dividend you receive on a particular bet.

Reverse Forecast

A bet placed on two greyhounds - to cross the finish line in any order. (USA, Quiniela).


A greyhound (or horse) entered in a race under another's name - usually a good runner replacing a poorer one.


A participant in a race. Synonym: starter.

Running Rail

The rail that defines the track configuration.

Rural Rube Award

Award given each year to the nation's top sprint (5/16-mile) greyhound by the National Greyhound Association; named for an outstanding sprinter of the late 1930s.

Saddle Cloth

The device that displays the horse's barrier position within a race, and in some cases, the colour of the saddlecloth refers to the race number.

Scale Room

An area within the Paddock where the greyhounds are weighed on a calibrated scale by the Clerk of Scales.

Schooling Race

A practice race held using actual racing conditions, but in which no wagering is allowed.

Score Up

In harness racing the movement behind the mobile barrier before a start is initiated.


The withdrawal of a greyhound from a race. Scratches at Mile High are listed by race number then greyhound number.


A runner that is withdrawn from a race after being listed as an acceptor.


A bet placed when you believe the make up will be lower than the spread. 'Sell' spread bets are placed at the lower of the two values listed in a spread.

Separate Pools

Money wagered on a race at another track, which is totally apart from the pool at the other track.


The third greyhound across the finish line. A wager to show means you collect if your selected greyhound finishes either first, second or third.


A Straight bet on one selection to win one race or event, also known as a straight-up bet.


The male parent, or father, of a horse.


A horse that has the endurance to race well over long distances.


The resting period between preparations or racing.


The difference between the level you cabn sell at and the level you can buy at.


A race run over five-sixteenth of a mile or shorter distance.


The prize money for the winning horses paid to the owner (eg. trophy or prize money).

Stakes Race

A race for a championship or for a purse larger than those offered for ordinary feature races.

Standing Start

In harness racing, starters start from a standing position, once the barrier across the track is released.


A greyhound becomes a starter for the race when the doors of the starting box open.

Starting Boxes

Mechanical gates that ensure all runners start in unison.

Starting Stalls

Mechanical gates that ensure all horses start in unison, In greyhound racing the term is starting boxes


When a betting selection starts to move quite rapidly, usually caused by many bettors betting on it.


The people who control the days' racing by ensuring that every runner competes on its merits and imposing penalties for any breach of the rules of racing.


Another term for the Stewards. The correct term is stipendiary stewards.

Stop Loss

A level specified at which certain bets are automatically closed to prevent open ended loss or profit. [more]


From the home turn to the winning post.

Straight Forecast (Uk)

A tote bet operating in races of 3 or more declared runners in which the punter has to pick the first and second to finish in the correct order. See 'Forcast'.


Person who assists the trainer, cares for the horse or helps to put on its equipment. Also known as an attendant.


Picking the first four greyhounds to finish in exact order.


A bet that relates to the performance of one participant compared to another.


A method of betting, usually mathematically based, used by a punter to try to get an advantage.


The money taken from the betting pool by track management for the state and for the association.


An identification number placed inside the ear of a registered racing greyhound.


Suggestion about a likely winner from an expert.

Titanic Tri-Super

This operates the same as the 'Tri-Super', except you must correctly select the Trifecta combination in the 5th Race and the Superfecta in the 7th Race.


A system used to total and calculate bets and dividends.

Totalisator Machine

A computerized system that records amounts wagered, prints tickets for bettors, calculates odds and displays them on screens throughout a race track.

Tote Board

A board located behind the racetrack's backstretch that displays the odds, pools, results, and payoffs for each race.

Track Conditions

In order from good to bad: fast, good, dead, slow, heavy.


Racing immediately behind another horse. A trail is also known as a sit.


The person responsible for looking after a horse and preparing it to race. A trainer must hold a license or permit to be entitled to train.

Tricast or Treble Forecast

A bet placed on three greyhounds, to cross the finish line in exact chosen order. (USA, Trifecta).


A wagering term describing the first three greyhounds to cross the finish line in exact chosen order.


Similar to the 'Twin Trifecta' below. You select the winning Trifecta combination in one race and exchange that ticket for a Superfecta in the following race.


A term for harness racing in general. It also describes the specific gait of a "trotter".

Twin Trifecta

A multiple pool bet. Two trifecta selections in two races. You select the winning Trifecta combination in one race and exchange that ticket for a second Trifecta in the following race. One-half of the net Twin Trifecta pool will be paid equally to winners of the first half when those tickets are presented to be exchanged. The remaining half of the pool, along with any carry over will be to winners of the second half. If no one selects the second half correctly, the pool is carried over to the next racing performance.


See 'Buy'.


A measure of how widely the result of an event may vary, and therefore a measure of the risk involved in a market.


After each race, jockeys, their saddles and any additional weight they needed to carry are weighed in to ensure they complied with the set handicap.

Weight for Age

A class of race where weights are allocated on a set scale according to the age and the sex of the horses.


Intention of weight-for-age is to allow horses of the same age and sex to compete on equal terms. The weight a horse carried is allocated on a set scale according to its sex and age.


World Greyhound Racing Federation, the worldwide promotion association for the sport.


A wagering term describing the selection of a greyhound to win, place or show with every other greyhound in the race.


The act of birth.


An implement used to spur on the horse in the run to the finish line.


A Win bet is a also called a straight bet or a single. If you bet for Win you collect only if your chosen greyhound is the first across the finish line.

Winner's Circle

Where the winning greyhound proceeds following the race, often to participate in a ceremonial presentation.

Winning Post

The finishing line of a race. Synonym: the post.


The finish line for a race.

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