Dictionary of Roulette Terminology

A Cheval


French for a split bet (literally, "on horseback")

Action


The amount of money wagered over a given period of time. Used as a basis for judging comps.

Action Player


1. A player who bets big and for long periods of time. 2. Can be a euphemism for stupid player.

Adrenotrend System


A progressive system of betting whereby two numbers are cancelled every time a previous bet is won, and one number, the total of two end numbers, is added whenever a previous bet is lost.

Alenbert System


[1] A progressive system of betting where you increase your bet by one unit after a loss and decrease your bet by one unit after a win. [2] A progressive system of betting whereby two numbers are cancelled every time a previous bet is won, and one number, the total of two end numbers, is added whenever a previous bet is lost.

American Wheel


A roulette wheel that has a total of 38 numbers (0 and 00 and numbers 1-36). The number sequence is (clockwise starting with 0): 0, 28, 9, 26, 30, 11, 7, 20, 32, 17, 5, 22, 34, 15, 3, 24, 36, 13, 1, 00, 27, 10, 25, 29, 12, 8, 19, 31, 18, 6, 21, 33, 16, 4, 23, 35, 14, 2. Originally, the double-zero wheel started in Europe and the single-zero wheel started in America. But, Europeans liked the single-zero wheel better, and Americans liked the double-zero wheel better so they switched. Today, the American wheel and double-zero wheel are synonymous.

Backtrack


The outer, stationary rim of the roulette wheel where the ball is spun. Also called the ball-track.

Ball


A small plastic ball, spun in the opposite direction of the wheel's spin. The roulette ball determines the payoffs for each spin each time it land in one of the number pockets.

Ball Track


The outer, stationary rim of the roulette wheel where the ball is spun. Also called the backtrack

Biased Numbers


Numbers produced by Biased Wheels continuing through long-term analysis and so appearing more often then others.

Biased Wheel


A roulette wheel that has an imperfection that causes certain numbers or sections of numbers to appear at a higher frequency than probability allows for.

Big Number


A number that has hit more than its theoretical average. Long-term "Big Numbers" may be indicative of a Biased Wheel. Such numbers are then known as "Biased Numbers".

Black Action


A bet made with a black ($100) chip.

Black Bet


A wager that the color of the next number will be black.

Blacks


Chips valued at $100.

Bottom Track


The slanting, stationary, inner area of a roulette wheel down which the ball slides before bouncing onto the wheel head and into a pocket.

Cage


A booth or room where the casino cashier resides. Here, you can exchange chips for cash (or vice versa), cash-out coins, place front money, etc. It is called a cage because it is usually enclosed by bars.

Cancellation Betting System


A betting system using a series of numbers that cancels numbers after winning a bet and adds numbers after losing a bet. One specific type of Cancellation System is known as the LaBouchere System.

Capping a Bet


Illegally adding more chips to a bet that has already won. It is a form of Past Posting.

Carré


French term for the Corner Bet.

Casino Advantage


The edge, usually shown as a percentage, that the house has over the player. Also called House Edge or Vig.

Casino Host


The person responsible for seeing that high rollers are treated with the dignity and graciousness their wallets merit.

Casino Manager


The person responsible for seeing that the games of a given casino are handled properly

Chameleon Strategy


Looking for players who have been winning and then mimicking their betting patterns in the hope that they will continue to be lucky, have found biased wheels, or are visual wheel trackers.

Chasing Losses


Increasing your bets in order to recoup what you've lost. Not a good way to play.

Check Rack


The tray that hold the chips for a game. Also, known as a chip rack or chip tray.

Checks


Another name for chips. Typically, this name is used only by casino operators and employees, and using it may draw undue suspicion to yourself, especially if you are winning.

Cheval


French for split bet.

Choppy Game


1. A game where neither the player nor the house has been winning consistently. 2. A game where no discernible streaks nor patterns have been appearing.

Clocking


There are two forms of Clocking: Wheel Clocking ([1] To keep track of the results of roulette spins to ascertain patterns and possibility of wheel bias. [2] The other is to visually or electronically clock the speed of the wheel in an effort to predict where the ball will land.) and Player Clocking (Watching to see which players have been winning and with what methods in order to use the Chameleon Strategy and mimic their betting patterns.).

Cold Table


Any table where you and/or other players have been losing.

Colonne


The French term for Column Bet.

Color Up


To exchange smaller denomination chips for larger denomination chips at a table.

Column Bet


A bet on one of the three columns of 12 numbers on the layout. When placing your chips on one of three blank spaces at the bottom of the green you collect if any of those twelve vertical numbers win. Pays 2:1

Combination Bet


Using one or more chips in the same position to wager on more than one number at a time.

Comp


Casino "freebies" that are given out for certain levels of betting. Basically, the more money you give them, the more "free things" they'll give you.

Corner Bet


One wager that bets four numbers at the same time. Also known as a Square Bet or a Quarter Bet. Pays off at 8-1.

Credit Line


The amount of credit a player is allowed by a given casino.

Credit Manager


The person in charge of determining casino credits for the player.

Crew


Personnel who man a game.

Crossroader


A casino cheat.

Croupier


French term for roulette wheel operator or dealer.

D'alembert Betting System


[1] A progressive system of betting where you increase your bet by one unit after a loss and decrease your bet by one unit after a win. [2] A progressive system of betting whereby two numbers are cancelled every time a previous bet is won, and one number, the total of two end numbers, is added whenever a previous bet is lost.

Dead Table


A table that is manned and ready for action but has no players.

Dealer


The casino employee who staffs the games offered.

Derniere


A French term for last and refers to the last group of 12 numbers in the Dozen Bet.

Double Dynamite Roulette System


A combination of Big Number play and sector slicing for short-range play.

Double Zero


Number on the wheel. Green in color. Can be wagered the same way as numbers 1-36.

Double-Up System of Betting


A betting system whereby bets are doubled after a loss in hopes of recouping the previous loss. One specific type of Double-Up System is known as the Martingale System.

Double-Zero Wheel


A roulette wheel that has a total of 38 numbers (0 and 00 and numbers 1-36). The number sequence is (clockwise starting with 0): 0, 28, 9, 26, 30, 11, 7, 20, 32, 17, 5, 22, 34, 15, 3, 24, 36, 13, 1, 00, 27, 10, 25, 29, 12, 8, 19, 31, 18, 6, 21, 33, 16, 4, 23, 35, 14, 2. Originally, the double-zero wheel started in Europe and the single-zero wheel started in America. But, Europeans liked the single-zero wheel better, and Americans liked the double-zero wheel better so they switched. Today, the American wheel and double-zero wheel are synonymous.

Douzaine


French term for the Dozen Bet.

Dozen Bet


A wager on twelve numbers on the roulette layout at the same time. Numbers 1-12, 13-24, or 25-36.

Drop


The casino term for the total amount of money and markers wagered at the tables.

Drop Box


A box where money is dropped after the player cashes into a game and receives his chips. The box is usually located under the table

Dumping


A casino table that is losing money to the players.

En Plein


French term for the Straight-up Bet.

En Prison Rule


When the outcome is zero, some casinos will allow the players to either take back half his bet or leave the bet (in prison) for another spin. In the second case, if the following spin the outcome is again zero, then the whole bet is lost. This rule applies to even money bets only.

European Wheel


Roulette wheel that has only a single zero (0) and a number sequence of (clockwise starting with 0): 0, 32, 15, 19, 4, 21, 2, 25, 17, 34, 6, 27, 13, 36, 11, 30, 8, 23, 10, 5, 24, 16, 33, 1, 20, 14, 31, 9, 22, 18, 29, 7, 28, 12, 35, 3, 26. Originally, the single-zero wheel started in America and the double-zero wheel started in Europe. But, Europeans liked the single-zero wheel better, and Americans liked the double-zero wheel better so they switched. Today, the European wheel and single-zero wheel are synonymous. It is also known as the French Wheel.

Even (Number) Bet


A wager that one of the even numbers will win the next spin. When placing your chips on the space marked even you collect when the winning number is even.

Even Money


A bet that pays off at one to one. In roulette Red, Black, Odd, Even, Low, and High bets all pay even money.

Even Up


A bet that has no mathematical edge for either side. In roulette, this can only come from wheel biases and croupier biases, as all layout bets have an unyielding house advantage.

Even-Odd Bet


Pays 1-1 if the winning number is Even or Odd. This is an 18 number wager on the outside.

Eye in the Sky


The cameras, usually in bubbles, located throughout the casino that videotape the action.

Fair Game


A game where neither the house nor the player has the edge. Roulette is not a Fair Game.

Fibonacci Betting System


A progressive betting system where each bet is a combination of the two previous numbers. (i.e., 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, etc.).

Five-Number Bet


Can only be made on the American Wheel and is a single wager that 0, 00, 1, 2, or 3 will hit next. The single worst bet in roulette, and is thus synonymous with Sucker Bet because it gives the casino a 7.89% edge over the player.

Flat Bettor


A player who never varies the size of his bets, and bets the same amount each time.

Floorman


Individual responsible for supervising several tables in the pit.

Fluctuation in Probability


Numbers randomly appearing out of all proportion to their probability, usually only in the short-term. A short sequence of repeating decisions. A mathematical term that means good or bad luck depending on whether the fluctuation is in your favor or not.

French Wheel


A wheel containing just one zero. Mainly found in the European casinos. Same as European Wheel.

Front Money


Money previously deposited in the cage and used by the player to draw markers.

Gaffed Wheel


A wheel that has been rigged (by either player or the casino).

Gambling Stake


Amount of money reserved for gambling. Same as Bankroll.

George


A good tipper.

Gland Martingale (System)


Tongue in cheek name for a limited Martingale System of two steps after a predetermined number of even-money decisions has occurred. Not to be confused with Grand Martingale.

Golden Numbers


Numbers that have hit out of all proportion to their probability. Might be an indication that a wheel is biased. With additional wheel and number analysis, Golden Numbers can be relabeled as Biased-Numbers.

Grand Martingale (System)


A variant of the Martingale System where you double your bets and add one extra unit after a loss. See Martingale System.

Greens


Chips valued at $25.

Grifter


A scam artist.

Grind


A small money player.

Grind Down


The casino gradually winning all of a player's money due to the advantage it has on bets.

Grind Joint


A casino that caters to Low Rollers or small-money players.

Grind System


[1] Increasing one's bet a unit after each win. [2] Any system that attempts to win small amounts frequently against the casinos.

Guerrilla Gambling


The combination of smart play and hit-and-run tactics to beat the casinos at their own games.

Heat


Intensive scrutiny of a player's action to determine if he has an edge either due to cheating or expertise. Casinos turn up the heat if you seem to be winning too frequently or in big amounts.

High Bet


A wager on the upper 18 numbers (19-36).

High Roller


A person who plays for big money (with big money).

High-Low Bet


Bets 18 numbers at the same time (1-18 or 19-36). Pays 1-1.

Hoca


Early version of roulette.

Hot and Cold Systems


Classification of systems that wager on the side that won previously. Another name for a streak method of betting.

Hot Table


A table where the players have been winning.

House Edge


The mathematical advantage of the casino has on a given bet. The house edge is set at 5.26%, resulting from the player receiving odds of 35 to 1 rather than the true odds of 1 in 36 or 37 to 1. All in all, that edge is comparable to the "rake" in poker, and in some bets on the craps table, in Baccarat and other games including sports betting. The single 0 European roulette wheel has a house edge of only 2.70%. The player has a 1 in 37 chance of winning and still gets 35 to 1.

House Person


[1] A dealer who is unusually concerned with the casino's profits. [2] A dealer who identifies with the casinos. [3] A dealer who enjoys watching players lose.

Hustler


A gambling cheat.

Impair


French term for the Odd Bet.

Inside Bet


A wager placed on any individual number on the roulette table layout including 0 or 00, or any combination of the numbers

La Bouchere Betting System


A type of Cancellation Betting System where numbers are cancelled out from a user-defined string of numbers after a win and added to the string after a loss. The string of numbers determines the next amount to bet.

Layout


The design imprinted on the felt table top with the various bets that can be made.

Layout Strategies


Betting systems and strategies that try to overcome the house edge simply by placing different types of bets, without trying to determine if the wheel or dealer is biased.

Line Bet


A wager that one of six numbers (two rows of three numbers separated by a line on the layout) will win.

Long End of the Bet


The side of the bet that must pay off more than it collects.

Long Run


The extended amount of time during any given session (or through multiple sessions) when number frequency starts to asymptotically approach that which is predicted by probability theory. Also called Long-Term.

Low Bet


A wager that one of the low numbers (1-18) will win the next spin.

Low Roller


A person who bets small stakes.

Manque


French term for Low Bet.

Mark


An individual who has been or is going to be cheated. A sucker.

Marker


The check that a player fills out before receiving casino credit at the table. A promissory note of IOU.

Martingale Betting System


A type of Double-Up System whereby you double your bets after every loss. Meaning that when you win, you'll win back all of your loss, plus the payoff for the original wager. A well known roulette system which dates back over a hundred years.

Match Play


A casino promotion where players are given special chips that they can bet. They are paid off in regular casino chips on a win.

Money at Risk


Money that has been wagered and can be lost.

Money Management


The methods a player uses to save his bankroll from ruin.

Money Plays


The call that alerts the dealer and the pit that you are betting cash and not chips.

Mucker


Anyone who uses slSeven-of-hand techniques to cheat - usually done for Past Posting.

Negative Progression


Any system of wagering where you increase bets after a loss.

Nickel


A five dollar chip that is usually red.

No Action


A call made by a dealer that the casino will not cover a particular bet or that a particular spin or decision doesn't count.

Noir


French term for Black Bet.

Odd-Number Bet


A wager that one of the odd numbers will win the next spin.

Odds


The likelihood of an event happening.

On the Square


A game that is honest.

Orphans / Orphelins


It's a bet on three specific numbers 6, 34 and 17 that are neighbors on the wheel, but far apart on the layout. This is a French phrase which is common in European casinos.

Outside Bet


One of the 2-to-1 or even-money bets found on the outside of the roulette layout: Red, Black, Odd, Even, High or Low.

Paddle


Tool used to push the money into the drop box.

Pair


French term for Even Bet.

Parlay


To double one's bet after a win.

Passe


French term for High Bet.

Past Posting


Placing a winning wager after a decision has been reached. Usually done by capping a bet. Doing this is a good way to get thrown out of the casino and/or spend some time in jail.

Patience System


A grind method of playing whereby the player waits for a certain number of decisions before placing a bet.

Penny Ante


A game played for small stakes.

Pinching


Illegally removing chips from a bet after an unfavorable decision.

Pit


An area consisting of a number of gaming tables.

Plain


Full number bet.

Player-Clocking


Watching to see which players have been winning and with what methods in order to use the Chameleon Strategy and mimic their betting patterns.

Positive Progression


Any system of wagering where you increase bets after a win.

Power of the Pen


The ability to issue hotel comps to players on the part of some casino executives.

Premiere


French term for first and refers to the first group of 12 numbers in the Dozen Bet.

Premium Players


A casino term meaning big bettors or players with big credit lines.

Press


To increase the amount wagered, usually by doubling it, after a win.

Push


A tie.

Quarter Bet


One wager that bets four numbers at the same time. Also known as a Corner Bet or a Square Bet. Pays off at 8-1.

Quatre


Corner, 4 number bet.

Rating


Evaluating the player's action for the purposes of comps.

Rating Card


The card used for rating a player.

Red Bet


An even-money bet that the next number will be red.

Red Color Bet


When placing your chips on the space marked red you collect if the winning color is red.

Red-Black Bet


An 18 number wager which pays off at 1-1.

Reds


Casino chips worth five dollars.

Reverse - Labouchere Betting System


A system of playing the LaBouchere System "in reverse". That is, you cancel numbers after each loss and add them after each win.

Reverse - Martingale Betting System


A system of playing the Martingale System "in reverse". That is, you double-up after each win instead of after each loss.

Rien Ne Vas Plus


French expression for "no more bets".

Rouge


French term for Red.

Roulette Rules of Play


The betting layout starts with numbers 0 and 00 at the top, then extends from numbers 1 through 36 at the far end of the table. This area is referred to as the "inside" betting area. Inside bets consist of the following: single number bets, including the 0, 00 and 1 through 36, are made by placing your chip in the center of the number you select. If that number wins you'll receive 35 to 1 for every chip you have bet. Actually, you can pick up a total of 36 chips which includes your original bet. Additional combinations in this "inside" betting area are: one chip on a 6 number bet (pays 5 to 1); one chip on any four connecting numbers (pays 8 to 1); one chip on any connecting group of three numbers (111); one chip place between two connecting numbers (17 to1). The "outside" betting area consists of odd or even bets which pay even money. Red or black also pays even odds. A bet on 1 to 18, or 19 to 36, pays even money. You will get 2 to1 odds if you select the winning number within the first, second or third dozen numbers. The same 2 to 1 odds are given for selecting any of the numbers in the three vertical columns of 12 numbers, located on one end of the betting surface.

Ruin or Element of Ruin


Losing your bankroll. or The probability of losing every penny of your bankroll.

Scam


Any scheme to defraud a player or casino.

Scared Money


Money a player can't afford to lose.

Scobe's Wager


If it doesn't hurt to play as if something is true, then you have nothing to lose by playing this way as long as you don't increase your time or risk at the table.

Section (Sector) Shooter


A dealer who tries to hit certain numbers or sections on the wheel.

Section Shooting


The act of placing the ball in a given section of the wheel.

Section Slicing


Dividing the wheel into sections based upon which numbers have been hitting for the purpose of discovering biases.

Session


A given period of play at a casino game. Usually terminated at a predetermined time, or at a certain level of wins or losses.

Session Stake


The amount of money set aside for one session of play.

Shift Boss


The individual in charge of the casino during a given work shift.

Shill


An individual employed by the casino to play games that are being underplayed.

Short End


The side of the bet that has to pay off less than it will win.

Short Odds


Less than the true odds payoff for a bet.

Short Run


The limited amount of time during any given session when probability theory will seemingly be skewed by streaks and fluctuations. Also called Short-Term.

Signature


The unconscious ability of a dealer to place a ball within a given distance from the last hit.

Single Number Bet


A single wager on a single number. You place your bet squarely inside a number on the green. Make certain no chip crosses any of the lines. Pays 35-1.

Single-Zero Wheel


Roulette wheel that has only a single zero (0) and a number sequence of (clockwise starting with 0): 0, 32, 15, 19, 4, 21, 2, 25, 17, 34, 6, 27, 13, 36, 11, 30, 8, 23, 10, 5, 24, 16, 33, 1, 20, 14, 31, 9, 22, 18, 29, 7, 28, 12, 35, 3, 26. Originally, the single-zero wheel started in America and the double-zero wheel started in Europe. But, Europeans liked the single-zero wheel better, and Americans liked the double-zero wheel better so they switched. Today, the European wheel and single-zero wheel are synonymous. It is also known as the French Wheel.

Six Number Bet


An inside combination bet at six numbers at the same time. Same as Line Bet.

Sixain(E)


French term for a Six-Number or Line Bet.

Spin


One game. Can be while the ball is still in action, a current result or a recorded result.

Split Bet


An inside combination bet of two numbers at the same time.

Spread


The difference between the minimum and maximum bets a player makes.

Square Bets


One wager that bets four numbers at the same time. Also known as a Corner Bet or a Quarter Bet. Pays off at 8-1.

Squares


A game or player that is on the level or honest.

Stack


A group of 20 roulette chips.

Straight Bet


A single wager on a single number. You place your bet squarely inside a number on the green. Make certain no chip crosses any of the lines. Pays 35-1.

Straight Up Bet


A single wager on a single number. You place your bet squarely inside a number on the green. Make certain no chip crosses any of the lines. Pays 35-1.

Street Bet


A bet that one of three particular numbers will hit on the next spin. You place your bets on the outside line of the green, indicating that you are betting the three numbers opposite the chips going across the layout.

Sucker Bet


Can only be made on the American Wheel and is a single wager that 0, 00, 1, 2, or 3 will hit next. The single worst bet in roulette, and is thus synonymous with Sucker Bet because it gives the casino a 7.89% edge over the player. Same as Five-Number Bet.

Surrender


The option whereby a casino only takes half a player's losing wager on the even-money bets when the 0 or 00 hits. Few US casinos offer this. It is called the En Prison Rule.

Sweat


[1] Casinos who are upset by players winning or having skill are said to "sweat" out their games. [2] A player who is losing and is worried.

Table Hopping


Moving from table to table in a casino.

Take Down


To recall a wager before a decision.

Tapped Out


To lose one's entire bankroll.

Three Number Bet


A bet that one of three particular numbers will hit on the next spin. You place your bets on the outside line of the green, indicating that you are betting the three numbers opposite the chips going across the layout.

Tiers Du Cylindre


It's a bet on a specific group of numbers on a section of the roulette wheel that are paired neighbors on the layout. This is a French phrase which is common in European casinos.

Toke


Another word for tip.

Toke Hustler


A dealer who tries to get players to tip him.

Tom


A poor tipper.

Tough Out


The Captain's term for a player who doesn't beat himself.

Transversale Plain


Street: Three Number Bets.

Transversale Simple


French term for a Three Number Bet or Street Bet. Also called a Triple or Trio Bet.

Trio Bet


A combination bet on three numbers at the same time. Same as Street Bet.

Triple


French term for a Three Number Bet or Street Bet. Also called a or Trio Bet or Transversale.

True Odds


The actual probability of an event happening.

Twelve Number Bet


A bet on one of the three columns of 12 numbers on the layout. When placing your chips on one of three blank spaces at the bottom of the green you collect if any of those twelve vertical numbers win. Pays 2:1

Two Number Bet


An inside combination bet of two numbers at the same time.

Underground Joint


An illegal casino.

Vic


Sucker. Short for victim.

Vig or Vigorish


The casino tax on a bet. Also known as juice.

Visual Wheel Tracking


The ability to judge where the ball will land by sight.

Voisins Du Zero


It's a bet on a specific group of numbers on a section of the roulette wheel neighboring the zero. This is a French phrase which is common in European casinos.

Wager


Another term for bet.

Wheel


Short for Roulette Wheel.

Wheel Chips


Special chips used only for roulette.

Wheel Head


The portion of the roulette wheel that contains the numbered pockets.

Wheel Roller


A roulette dealer or croupier.

Wheel Strategies


Strategies that try to exploit imperfections in the wheel in order for the player to get the edge.

Wheel-Clocking


to visually or electronically clock the speed of the wheel in an effort to predict where the ball will land.

Zero


Number on the wheel. Green in color. Can be wagered the same way as numbers 1-36.



Complete list of specific games we cover in our dictionary of gambling slang and terminology

:

Baccarat terms

,

Bingo terms

,

Blackjack terms

,

Craps terms

,

General terms

,

Greyhound Racing terms

,

Horse Racing terms

,

Keno terms

,

Poker terms

,

Roulette terms

,

Slots terms


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